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 Essential Architecture-  Peking

Jingshan Park




It is located in Xicheng District, immediately north of the Forbidden City.


c. 1400


Ming Dynasty


The artificial hill of the park was constructed entirely from the soil excavated in forming the moats of the Imperial Palace and nearby canals. It is especially impressive when one considers that all of this material was moved only by hand labor and animal power.


The Jingshan Park is a public park of Beijing, China.

According to the dictates of Feng Shui, it is favorable to site a residence to the south of a nearby hill (and it is also practical, gaining protection from chilly northern winds). The imperial palaces in both of the other capitals of the Ming dynasty were situated to the south of a hill. When the capital was moved to Beijing, no such hill existed at this location, so one was constructed. It is popularly known as "Feng Shui Hill". It is also known as Coal Hill, a direct translation of its old popular Chinese name.

The last emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Chongzhen, committed suicide by hanging himself here in 1644.