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I. M. Pei

     
     
The Louvre Pyramid, Paris
The Louvre Pyramid, Paris

Ieoh Ming Pei (Chinese; pinyin: Bèi Yùmíng; b. April 26, 1917), commonly known as his initial I. M. Pei, is a Pritzker Prize winning architect, known as the last master of high modernist architecture. He works with the abstract form, using stone, concrete, glass, and steel. Pei is one of the most successful architects of the 20th century.

Early life and education
Ieoh Ming Pei was born in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China on April 26, 1917 to a prominent banker.

His first education was in Shanghai and then at St. Paul's College, Hong Kong before moving to the United States to study architecture at the age of 18. He started at the University of Pennsylvania before going on to receive his Bachelor of Architecture degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1940. That same year, he was awarded the Alpha Rho Chi Medal, the MIT Travelling Fellowship, and the AIA Gold Medal. He enrolled at the Harvard Graduate School of Design two years later; shortly thereafter, he served at the National Defense Research Committee in Princeton, New Jersey.

In 1944 he returned to Harvard, received his master degree in Architecture in 1946 and stayed at Harvard as an assistant professor. He received the Wheelwright Traveling Fellowship in 1951 and became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1954.[1]

Career
Pei operated his own architectural firm, founded in 1955, which was known as I. M. Pei & Partners until 1989 when it became known as Pei Cobb Freed & Partners recognizing James Ingo Freed and Henry N. Cobb.

Personal life
I.M. Pei has three sons: T'ing Chung Pei, Chien Chung (Didi) Pei, Li Chung (Sandi) Pei, and a daughter: Liane Pei. Chien Chung and Li Chung both have followed their father to the Harvard Graduate School of Design. Chien Chung Pei helped his father design the Louvre addition from 1989 to 1993. Li Chung Pei helped his father design the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong in 1989. Both became architects practicing under their own firm, Pei Partnerships. I.M. Pei has helped out at the firm since his retirement from his own firm in 1990.[2]

Project list
1954 - 1959 Mile High Center, in Denver, Colorado, USA 
1961 - 1967 National Center for Atmospheric Research, in Boulder, Colorado, USA 
1961 - Kips Bay Plaza, in New York, New York, USA [1] 
1961 - Government Center Master Plan, Boston, Massachusetts, USA 
1962 - Place Ville-Marie, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada 
1962 - Kennedy Theatre, University of Hawaii, USA, Official web page 
1962 - Hale Manoa Dormitory, East West Center, University of Hawaii, USA 
1963 - Luce Memorial Chapel, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan 
1964 - Green Building, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
1964 - S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse University - Syracuse, New York 
1966 - 1968 - Sculpture Wing of the Des Moines Art Center in Des Moines, Iowa 
Official page of Pei's Sculpture Wing 
1966 - Silver Towers at New York University 
1967 - Hoffman Hall at University of Southern California 
1968 - 1972 - 50 FAA air traffic control towers, in various locations throughout the United States. 
1968 - 1974 Christian Science Center, in Boston, Massachusetts 
1968 - Everson Museum of Art, in Syracuse, New York 
1969 - Cleo Rogers Memorial Library, in Columbus, Indiana 
1969 - Academic Center, State University of New York at Fredonia, Fredonia, New York 
1970 - National Airlines terminal at JFK Airport in New York, New York 
1971 - Harbor Towers 
1972 - Governor's Residence Halls at SUNY Buffalo 
1972 - Dallas, Texas City Hall 
1972 - Paul Mellon Arts Center at Choate Rosemary Hall in Wallingford, Connecticut 
1972 - Pei Residence Halls at New College of Florida 
1973 - Commerce Court West in Toronto, Ontario 
1973 - Spelman Halls at Princeton University 
1973 - Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, in Ithaca, New York 
1974 - 1978 East Building, National Gallery of Art, in Washington, DC[3] 
Official East Building project webpage 
1975 - OCBC Centre in Singapore. 
1976 - John Hancock Tower, in Boston, Massachusetts - Pei gives Henry Cobb the credit for this building 
1976 - University of Rochester's Wilson Commons 
1978 - 1982 Indiana University Art Museum in Bloomington, Indiana 
1979 - John F. Kennedy Library, in Boston, Massachusetts[4] 
1979 - Baltimore World Trade Center, in Baltimore, Maryland 
1979 - 1986 Javits Convention Center in New York, New York 
1980 - 1985 Raffles City in Singapore. 
1981 - the Texas Commerce Tower in Houston, Texas, currently the JPMorgan Chase Tower; (3D/International cooperated with Pei on the design of this building) 
1982 - 16th Street Mall in Denver, Colorado. 
1982 - 1990 Bank of China Tower, in Hong Kong 
Bank of China Tower project website 
1982 - Apartment for Steve Jobs 
1983 - Energy Plaza, Dallas, Texas 
1985 - Wiesner building, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 
1986 - Fountain Place, Dallas, Texas 
1987 - CenTrust Tower, Miami, Florida 
1989 - Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center in Dallas, Texas 
1989 - Carl Icahn Center for Science at Choate Rosemary Hall in Wallingford, Connecticut 
1989 - Headquarters for Creative Artists Agency, Los Angeles, California 
1989 - Pyramids of the Louvre, in Paris, France 
Pyramide du Louvre website. (See also: La Pyramide Inversée.) 
1991 - Miho Museum, Shiga, Japan 
Official museum website 
Official information on the architecture 
1992 - The Kirklin Clinic of the University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System, Birmingham, Alabama 
1995 - Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in Cleveland, Ohio 
2001 - Friend Center for Engineering, at Princeton University. 
2003 - extension building to the Deutsches Historisches Museum (German history museum), in Berlin, Germany. 
2005 - Ferguson Center for the Performing Arts at Christopher Newport University in Newport News, Virginia. 
2006 - Martha Stewart Center for Living at Mt. Sinai Hospital in New York, New York (currently under construction). 

Reference
Gero von Boehm, Conversations with I.M. Pei: "Light is the Key" ISBN 3791321765 
Michael Cannell, I.M. Pei : Mandarin of Modernism ISBN 0517799723 #(Excerpt) 
Carter Wiseman, I. M. Pei: A Profile in American Architecture ISBN 0810934779